The wines produced in the regions of France are commonly known as French wine.
No wines in any country have gained the as much respect as French wines. The
When compared to other, wines made in France are produced in a different way
wines. France produces around 8 billion bottles of wine every year. France is
making a tough competition with Italy for the position of world's largest wine producer.
The manufacture of French wine starts from the plucking of fine quality grapes.
The plucked grapes are crushed as soon as possible. This helps to extract
maximum amount of flavor from each grape and thereby naturally enhancing the
aroma and taste. After the grapes have been crushed the juices will be
transferred in separate containers. The crushed grapes known as mush will be
moved to specialized containers meant for fermentation This fermentation.
process plays a key role in differentiating French wine from other wines.
Through fermentation only alcohol can be produced and thereby fine French
Unlike other wines, French wines are fermented with the addition of natural
yeast which occurs from the grape itself. The chemical balance of the mush will
be changed during the fermentation process. It is this change which
differentiates the French wines from others. Not only yeast but also the sugar
and other chemical compounds are added naturally.
The temperature plays a crucial role in determining the taste and quality of
the wine. The ideal temperature required for the fermentation of French wine is
between 25 and 30 degree Celsius. Adequate ventilation is also required for the
The next step in the manufacture of French wine is known as maceration process.
Under this process, the wine attains a unique taste, color and body. The color
of the wine is determined by the skin of the grape and its tannin content. How
long does the skin comes in contact with the juice determines the color. The
duration of maceration process determines the amount of body. Full bodied wine
can be attained through longer maceration process. Most of the French wines
undergo several weeks of maceration to attain the unique status. After the
completion of maceration process the solids particles are removed from the wine
in a process called raking. In this stage more than one type of wine can be
Though there are many wine producing regions in France, the most widely
producing regions are Champagne, Bordeaux, Alsace, Burgundy, Provence, Loire
and the Rhone Valley. Due to the characteristics of location, soil and climate,.
each region is known for its unique grape variety and therefore leads in.
production. According to French law the region from which the wine is produced.
should be mentioned rather than the bottle.
This law came into force on 1936in order to ensure a guarantee for quality,.
origin and style. Several laws have been passed in the year 1935 to regulate.
the quality of French wine. An appellation system has been established which is.
governed by a powerful oversight board. France has the strictest laws regarding.
the production and sale of wine.
French wines are produced in different styles ranging from white, red, rose,.
sweet, semi-sweet, dry, brut, sparkling and fortified. The production of French.
When compared to the wines of, wines is less expensive and the process is simple.
other countries. Most of the French wines have been blended with several grape.
varieties. These blended wines are called varietal and are commonly found in.
white wines rather than in red wines. The quality of the region and the wine.
from which it is produced can be understood from the label of the bottle. Apart.
from wine production, France is the largest consumer of wine in the world.